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浅谈英语写作的方式与思路¬¬——以科学论文写作为例
来源:Http://myeducs.cn 联系QQ:点击这里给我发消息 作者: 佚名 来源: 网络 发布时间: 12/02/13
摘要:对于英语写作的思路与写作方式,本文作了简单的介绍 ,并就以科学英语论文正文写作为例,对英语写作进行了详细的阐述。

浅谈英语写作的方式与思路­­——以科学论文写作为例

 

摘要:文字简洁、语言精练是科学论文正文(当然不仅仅限于正文部分)写作的一项基本要求。之所以不少论文中的英语表达不够简洁,主要是因为有的作者不善于运用:(1)非谓语动词;(2)前置定语;(3)名词;(4)副词;(5)动词;(6)形容词;(7)介词短语;(8)省略等。

 

关键词:语言精练 科学论文 写作

 

兹示例如下:  

一、不善于运用非谓语动词

英语中的非谓语动词包括动名词(gerund)、分词(participles)和不定式(infinitive)三种。不善于运用非谓语动词,就达不到节约用字、精练句子的效果。比较以下各组英语表达中不太简洁的表达(简称为:非简洁)和较为简洁的表达(简称为:较简洁)的差别。非简洁: In addition to bank loan in the Eurodol-lar market, Bell South can consider that the companyuses a domestic loan.较简洁: In addition to bank loan in the Eurodol-lar market, Bell South can consider using a domesticloan. (运用动名词)非简洁: The research that is now being carriedout in the area is extensive and meaningful.较简洁: The research now being carried out inthe area is extensive and meaningful. (运用分词)非简洁: If you look carefully, you will discovereven more ways to shorten the sentences withoutchanging their meaning.较简洁: Looking carefully, you will discover evenmore ways to shorten the sentences without changingtheir meaning. (运用分词)非简洁: In our experiment, we used a number ofprobes. The reason for that was to eliminate the prob-lems and errors associated with wet chemical analysis.较简洁: In our experiment, we used a number ofprobes so asto eliminate the problemsand errorsassoci-ated with wet chemical analysis. (运用动词不定式)非简洁: The classification/prediction phase is re-sponsible for determining the actionsto be performed onnew documents.较简洁: The classification/prediction phase deter-mines how to process new documents. (运用动词不定式)  

二、不善于运用前置定语

不善于变后置定语为前置定语,也是英语表达不够简洁的一个原因。比较以下两组英语表达:非简洁: The precision of the experiment was af-fected by the noise of the engine nearby.较简洁: The experimental precision was affectedby the nearby engine noise.非简洁: the transmission of the data of the net-work较简洁: the network data transmission  

三、不善于运用名词

科学论文写作中,名词使用得很频繁。不善于运用名词,往往导致英语表达不够简洁。例如:非简洁: The density of water at 4℃is the great-est.较简洁: Water has its greatest density at 4℃.(运用名词替代短语)非简洁: What he has investigated in the laborato-ry is encouraging.较简洁: His investigation in the laboratory is en-couraging. (运用名词替代从句)非简洁: Due to the fact that the direct measure-ments of the radial current distribution can not be per-formed at present, it is therefore complicated to de-scribe in a detailed way the current build-up period forlarge machines like ours.较简洁: The detailed description of the currentbuild-up period for large machines like ours is compli-cated due to the lackof direct measurement of the radialcurrent distribution. (运用名词词组替代从句)  

四、不善于运用副词善运用副词也能使英语句子简洁一些。例如:非简洁: It is admitted that our institute is one ofthe largest fusion research centers in China.较简洁: Our institute is admittedly one of the largest fusion research centers in China. (运用副词替代从句)非简洁: As far as the theory and computation areconcerned, these measurements provide an intensive di-agnostics.较简洁: These measurements provide a theoreti-cally and computationally intensive diagnostics. (运用副词替代从句)  

五、不善于运用动词英语表达不够简洁,有时是由于不善于运用动词造成的。例如:非简洁: By way of piping lines, the crude oil istransmitted from the well to the refinery.较简洁: The crude oil is piped from the well tothe refinery. (运用动词替代名词)非简洁: The analysis of this method will be un-dertaken in the following sections.较简洁: This method will be analyzed in the fol-lowing sections. (运用动词替代名词)  

六、不善于运用形容词非简洁: He began the experiment and hoped thatthe experiment could be successful.较简洁: He beg

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